Frequently Asked Cryptocurrency Tax Questions (Crypto Tax F.A.Q.)
Who Needs Cryptocurrency Tax Planning?
If you’ve made a profit through the use of cryptocurrency, you may find yourself wondering: do I need to pay any taxes on Bitcoin and other e-currencies? Until recently, the classification of income made from e-currency has been confusing for many people. Should you declare the gains as income or capital gains? If you’re facing similar questions, consider speaking with a Bitcoin accountant.
Bitcoin Accountant & Tax Services
Did you know that Bitcoin transferred as payment for goods and services will be subject to Bitcoin income tax? If your employer pays you using e-currency, you or your Bitcoin accountant must report those earnings on your W-2 forms. Furthermore, the value of the cryptocurrency is reported as the equivalent US dollar amount at the time of the transfer. Cryptocurrency earnings are also subject to wage withholdings.
In addition to bitcoin income tax, your e-currency is also a capital asset. Due to the capital asset classification, e-currency will be taxed as property. Additionally, the government views your cryptocurrency as an investment.
In addition to bitcoin income tax and other cryptocurrency tax services, AzranHawkins provides tax planning and compliance work for traditional forms of income.
What kind of cryptocurrencies, tokens, and exchanges do you support?
Our crypto tax services encompass a variety of e-currency types. For example, we handle cryptocurrency taxes for: Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ethereum, zCash, Monero, Ripple, Steem, NEO, and IOTA. We can work with any other altcoins you may own. We support all exchanges.
Which Cryptocurrency Tax Softwares do you Support / Recommend?
We support a wide variety of crypto tax software. The below is not an inclusive list. Your needs and our recommendations will vary based upon your trading style and usage.
Can you rely on Crypto tax software?
It’s hard enough to calculate crypto taxes, and it’s important to realize that software has limitations. Many programs offer the ability to report your capital gains; however, they do not provide a full explanation of your crypto tax liability. Most crypto tax softwares are not complete solutions and are not without errors. A certified public accountant that specializes in cryptocurrency is much better qualified to assess your liability and ensure an accurate tax calculation. While software alone can seem like a tempting alternative, it will not be the best choice.
Do I need to report mining income?
Yes. You must report mined virtual currency as gross income. Bitcoin taxes are calculated using the fair market dollar value of the coin on the day it was mined.
How do you treat Bitcoin used to pay for goods and services?
The IRS has stated that a taxpayer who receives virtual currency as payment for goods or services must, in computing gross income, include the fair market value of the virtual currency, measured in U.S. dollars, as of the date that the virtual currency was received. See Publication 525, Taxable and Nontaxable Income, for more information on miscellaneous income from exchanges involving property or services.
What about the Taxation of Hard Forks & Airdrops
Like many areas of Cryptocurrency taxation, there is currently no clear guidance regarding the taxation of Hard Forks and Airdrops. Both the American Institute of CPA’s (AICPA) and the American Bar Association (ABA) are both requesting that the IRS create a safe harbor until such guidance is issued. They are additionally proposing a set of rules for all Americans investing in cryptocurrency to follow.
In the absence of clarity, some cryptocurrency accountants believe that there may be no taxable transaction until the cryptocurrency received in the Hard Fork is sold. At that time, a gain or loss is calculated (proceeds from sale less cost basis), which in this case may be zero.
Both the AICPA and American Bar Association support this view:
We acknowledge that the temporary treatment may result in capital gain as opposed to ordinary income treatment (assuming the cryptocurrency is held as a capital asset), but by assigning a zero value, it preserves tax on the full value of the forked currency for taxation when the taxpayer sells it.
Conversely, Airdrops are generally viewed as a taxable event upon receipt, and according to the AIPCA, US taxpayers should report this as ordinary income:
Virtual currencies received from airdrops are akin to a bonus or a free prize. Taxpayers should include the amount as ordinary income based on the fair value of the token on the date of receipt. The income recognized becomes the basis in the virtual currency. The holding period begins on the date of distribution and is the first day of the holding period.
How am I taxed on Cryptocurrency Mining?
Successfully mining cryptocurrency triggers a taxable event. From there, there are two main tax categories which somewhat coincide with whether you mine cryptocurrency as a hobby or a business. Those who are mining as a business can have deductions and other benefits not available to those who mine as a hobby.
Mining as a hobby – “Other Income” treatment
In this scenario, one reports earnings from mining as “other income.” One will not be able to deduct expenses as you can if you are categorized as a business. That said, due to the lack of self-employment tax, taxes should be lower with this second option because cryptocurrency mining earnings are listed as “Other Income” on the tax return (i.e. as a hobby and/or additional income stream).
Mining as a Business
In this scenario, one reports earnings from mining on a Schedule C as self-employment income. One will be able to deduct expenses, which they could not do if they were mining as a hobby. Calculating daily revenue can be done through a variety of methods as long as there is consistency. Our team at AzranHawkins can assist you in reviewing the options.
Don’t forget that you have to take expenses like:
- Depreciation on mining equipment and mining hardware
- Other related expenses
How do I decide if my cryptocurrency mining is a hobby or a business?
Per the IRS website, the distinction between a hobby and a business is a subjective assessment. It is best to speak to an expert to determine the best and most fitting treatment.
In making the distinction between a hobby or business activity, take into account all facts and circumstances with respect to the activity. No one factor alone is decisive. You must generally consider these factors in determining whether an activity is a business engaged in making a profit:
- Whether you carry on the activity in a businesslike manner and maintain complete and accurate books and records.
- Whether the time and effort you put into the activity indicate you intend to make it profitable.
- Whether you depend on income from the activity for your livelihood.
- Whether your losses are due to circumstances beyond your control (or are normal in the startup phase of your type of business).
- Whether you change your methods of operation in an attempt to improve profitability.
- Whether you or your advisors have the knowledge needed to carry on the activity as a successful business.
- Whether you were successful in making a profit in similar activities in the past.
- Whether the activity makes a profit in some years and how much profit it makes.
- Whether you can expect to make a future profit from the appreciation of the assets used in the activity.
Overall, if you have a dedicated mining rig and are heavily involved in cryptocurrency mining, then one can assume that they are a business for tax purposes. If the mining is casual on a home PC or existing gaming rig, then one could potentially infer that this was a hobby.